famous doctors in the world


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Alexander Fleming

Sir Alexander Fleming was born on August 6, 1881, in Ayrshire, Scotland, and served in the Army Medical Corps during World War I. Dr. Fleming was particularly interested in the antiseptic and blood's natural bactericidal properties. He discovered lysozyme, a bacteriolytic drug, in tissue and secretions in 1921. He developed penicillin by mistake in 1928 while researching the influenza virus. He discovered mould on a staphylococcus culture that he had left on a tray. It was surrounded by a bacteria-free circle formed by the mould. He discovered that this culture could inhibit the growth of staphylococci even at 800 times dilution, and that it was part of the Penicillin resistance system.



Elizabeth Blackwell

Elizabeth Blackwell, the first female surgeon in the United States, was born on February 3, 1821, near Bristol, England. In 1832, she moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, and on January 23, 1849, she graduated first in her class. Since she was a woman, Dr. Blackwell faced several challenges during her medical school career, including sexism. She was always asked to sit in a different row during seminars and was barred from participating in some laboratories. She was also regularly shunned by the locals for daring to deviate from her conventional female position.


Her achievements

Dr. Blackwell founded the New York Infirmary for Indigent Women and Children after starting her own practise in New York City where she specialised in treating indigent women. Dr. Blackwell helped establish the National Health Society in London, England, and opened the Women's Medical College of the New York Infirmary in 1868. Dr. Blackwell fought for women's advancement in the medical profession throughout her life.


Charles Richard

Charles Richard Drew was an African American surgeon and medical researcher who specialised in blood transfusions. He was born on June 3, 1904, in Washington, DC. During World War II, he advanced blood storage methods, which were used to establish large-scale blood banks. Dr. Drew also invented bloodmobiles, which were essentially vehicles with refrigerators for storing blood at the time.



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