Information about the names of the calendar months - siraj



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Romulus' calendar is a Roman calendar that was created in the first century AD.
The original Roman year had ten months, according to the calendar attributed to Romulus, the mythical first king. According to legend, Romulus called the first month Martius after his father, the god of war Mars. Aprilis, Maius, and Iunius, names originating from deities or elements of Roman culture, accompanied this month. Following that, the months were simply referred to as the fifth (Quintilis), sixth (Sixtilis), and so forth, all the way up to the tenth, December.



Information about the names of the calendar months


Though January is named after Janus, the Roman god of beginnings and ends, February is named after the words februum (purification) and februa (purification rites or instruments). These is part of the northern hemisphere's preparations for the arrival of Spring.



Lupercalia

The februa included spelt and salt for washing, leaves for priests to wear, and goat skin strips. These strips were put to good use in the Lupercalia festival, which takes place every year on February 15th. Young men dashed along Rome's holiest boundary, nude save for a goat-skin scarf, whipping women with the strips in a humorous manner. This ancient nudist run was created to cleanse the city and encourage fertility.

And the Romans disagreed on the origins of those months. According to legend, Romulus called April after the goddess Aphrodite, who was formed from sea foam (aphros in Ancient Greek). Aphrodite, known to the Romans as Venus, was the mother of Aeneas, the Trojan hero who created the Roman race by fleeing to Italy from Troy. The other theory was that the month was named after the Latin verb aperio, which means "to open." 

months – September, October, November, and December


Later emperors were able to adopt four months – September, October, November, and December – but none of their current names have survived to this day. Domitian renamed September, the month in which he became emperor, Germanicus in honour of his victory over Germany, while renaming October, his birthday month, Domitianus.

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